Literature review

Daily companies based on information technology are facing a lot of issues and computing challenges due to the data management. There is the wide usage of cloud and mobility, and it is opening up new opportunities for that information technology companies to be more service centric and productive. The database is the hidden workhorse that many businesses’ IT systems, storing critical business intelligence and bearing out hundreds to thousand so transactions each day (Cheung et al., 1996). Many companies are storing their information on relational databases, and they anticipate taking advantage of the emerging technologies such as XML or object-based databases. Instead to discarding the previous RDB or building non-relational data on it, it becomes better to convert the old data and applications onto a new environment (Maatuk et al., 2008). However, the question that remains is which of the databases is the most appropriate to migrate? That is the reason there is a need for an integrated method that handles database migration for it to be a success.

The method of migration needs to assist in the selection of the most suitable databases when comparing the databases that are available in the market. It should allow the development of the required applications to provide the required functionality and high performance than the previous one (Vitthal et al., 2013). A canonical model can be useful in the intermediate stage of data conversion and schema from the input database to the various output targets. Many researchers have been researching on the database migrations while focusing on different areas. There are many assumptions in most of the literature that restrict the successful migration. For the migration to a new database to be successful, there is a need for further normalization to third normal form (Premerlani & Blaha, 1994). Many of the literature assume key-based conclusion dependency with key attribute consistencies while another assumption is that the design often initial schema is okay. In Kronsys, the migration has to take place seamlessly, and I will have to ensure the application of the best methodology while working with the company’s database managers and data administrators.

In that research, I will prefer the application of an integrated method for database migration that can preserve the semantics and structure of an existing relational database to generate ORDB/XML schemas. The method also provides an effective way of loading data into the target databases without the loss of unnecessary redundancies. The method is superior to many of the approaches proposed in many kinds of literature, and it leads to three types of databases including an object-oriented, relational database, and XML schema. The method also helps to exploit excellent feature provide to the target outputs. Because there is heterogeneity among the three data models provided as outputs, the method makes it possible to develop a canonical data model (Callan, 2006). That canonical data model is useful in bridging the semantic gap that exists between those data models and consequently facilitate the migration process. The canonical data model does preserve and enhance the target database’s integrity y constraints as well as the data semantics that fit in with the target database characteristics.

The integrated method will consist of three phases including semantic enrichment, schema conversion and data conversion (Maatuk et al., 008). The first phase produces a canonical data model that contains much of the relational database’s constraints and data semantics that did not have an explicit expression in it. There is then the mapping of the canonical data model obtained into the target schemas of the second phase. The third phase is where the conversion of the relational database data into its equivalent in the new database takes place. There should be early designing of the system architecture and implementing a prototype to demonstrate that process that should show the success of the whole process before the actual migration takes place. In a nutshell, the integrated database migration project should entail three phases including semantic enrichment, schema translation, and the data conversion (Topor & Tanaka, 1997).

The semantic enrichment of database migration is where the analysis of the RDB to understand its meaning and structure takes place. That means you make the hidden semantics explicit. For Kronsys, the semantics enrichment phase will involve the extraction of data semantics from the old database and then representing in relational schema format. After that, there will be the conversion of the data into a much enriched canonical model. The schema translation will involve the translation of the canonical model produced in the previous phase into its equivalent target schema (Maatuk et al., 2007). There is following of the necessary rules during the translation that are not in the scope of this paper. The data conversion as the last phase will entail the conversion of the existing database data onto the format required by the target schema. Te canonical data model created in the previous phase is useful in guiding the conversion process.

Proposal
The paper focuses on tracking the internship at Kronsys Inc. in database migration so as to ensure that the migration process takes place seamlessly, and there is no disruption of the business processes. During my internship, I will ensure that the migration task goes on according to the requirements of the business. I will also be in the requirement to explore various modules of the new database and integrate them to benefit the company business operations. While carrying out an internship in database migration at Kronsys Inc, the internship consists of various phases like orientation, training, gathering or understanding requirements, and testing and implements the changes. These phases have explanation below through iterations.

Iteration 1 Orientation
The orientation session helps in understanding the company and their culture. During orientation at Kronsys Inc., the primary goal will be to explore the company and understand its vision and the mission statement. I will also have a good understanding of the focus and key players of the company.

Iteration 2 Training
In this phase, Training on the database migration essentials and operations will have an explanation so as to understand clearly my role in the entire process. During training, there will be a brief introduction to the ethics and standards of the organization plus the provision of real time examples to work on before actually project assignment.

Iteration 3 gathering requirements
After the training, I will analyze the project and obtain a proper understanding of the requirements. There will be the understanding of the project and requirements for the changes through the data gathering process and after analyzing the requirements, I will identify changes and perform analysis on the proposed changes. Later in this phase, there will be making a decision on the changes and obtaining of approvals.

Iteration 4 Test and Implementation
In this phase, there will be finalizing of the database changes and applying them to the existing system and then proper testing of the new database will follow to check the functionality is working properly. The testing will also serve the purpose of finding out if other services are effective because of the change implemented.

Pick Premium Boarding School in Switzerland for Your Child’s Education

Switzerland is so much more than its majestic mountain ranges. It boasts some of the best international schools in the world, too. With over 50,000 international pupils (that’s more than 20% of the total student population in the country), Switzerland is the leader when it comes to high quality education.

There’s a misconception that Swiss education is expensive. This is not always true. In fact, some Swiss boarding schools cost significantly less than their other European counterparts. There are also plenty of scholarship opportunities throughout the country, especially for international students.

The Swiss landscape is one of the most beautiful in the world, adding to the appeal of its student life. Most importantly, Switzerland is home to some excellent, elite boarding schools that are renowned and respected in the world for their traditions and their academic excellence. Here are just some of the most popular facilities you should consider if you are thinking of sending your child to boarding school in Switzerland:

Aiglon College in Chesieres, Switzerland – This independent, non-profit school is found in the Swiss Alps. It was started in 1949 with only 6 students, but is now home to more than 300, from over 50 different nationalities. The school adheres to modern practices of education, with great emphasis on following traditional guiding principles that have long been established since the school’s founding. Students from Aiglon come out thoroughly prepared for university education and adult life, which is one of the biggest advantages of graduating from a premium boarding school.
Institute Monte Rosa in Montreux, Switzerland – This international school is one of the first established schools in the country. It is known for its steady progress in terms of evolving teaching methods that enable their educators to meet current requirements. It can be found on the shores of the beautiful Lake Geneva and is open to students ages 8 through 19. Institute Monte Rosa is a co-ed school, emphasizing personalized instruction through their small classes that are designed to bring optimum results in learning. The same design ensures vital interaction between mentors and students.
Lemania College, Sion-Switzerland – Lemania college is another top notch Swiss international school and one of the most affordable in the country. It provides a superior secondary education experience that is second to none, all while providing the added benefits of cross-cultural exposures within a learning community that is governed by respect, fairness, and politeness.
About the author:
This article is written by Margaret Kos, CEO of Best Boarding Schools Worldwide. Best Boarding Schools is a full-service educational service provider. They are guiding students and their families as they seek educational consulting advice to search for best international boarding schools. They contact the families with guardians all over the world. They also offer finding the right tutoring services during the private boarding school placement and college admissions process.

Some Unexpected Benefits Of Back Office Outsourcing

In what remains a complex and challenging economic environment for recruitment agencies, it may seem obvious why so many of them would be drawn to Back Office Outsourcing services like those of TBOS. Relieving your consultants of the burden of handling your agency’s back office and accounting functions, at least in theory, frees them up to spend more time developing your core business.

However, there are a few slightly lesser-considered benefits of back office outsourcing – such as the below – that can greatly aid your agency’s both shorter and longer-term goals.

Free Palestine
A wider base of skilled personnel

A complete back office outsourcing solution such as TBOS Complete greatly expands the range of skilled staff that your business effectively has at its fingertips. It gives you access to a field of experts with the know-how and experience required to meet your agency’s daily needs.

These experts don’t need to be told how to perform certain specialised projects and tasks to the highest standard – they already know, and are dedicated to carrying out such duties efficiently and diligently.

Control and stability

Remember that when you outsource back office duties such as invoicing, timesheet management and credit control to TBOS, you are outsourcing to a company, not a person. That means you don’t have to worry about staff turnover disrupting this vital element of your agency’s operations, and ensures you have backup staff in certain sensitive areas such as invoice finance management or contractor and supplier payments.

A reputable back office outsourcing specialist like TBOS is dedicated to protecting your business interests, and provides a vital layer of stability to give you greater peace of mind.

You can look like a larger agency

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Being able to access experts with such a diverse range of relevant skills – rather than, let’s say, having to depend on one person performing various back office duties and never falling ill – enables your recruitment company to not just function like a larger agency, but look like one as well. This means that your clients will feel able to place greater trust in you.

Keeping up to date with the latest HMRC legislation

It is our own accounting professionals who have the responsibility of remaining abreast of the latest HMRC requirements. With this same personnel well-practised in serving the needs of a broad range of agencies, you can be assured that we will keep you on the right side of the law, while catering to your business’s other best interests.